Good evening everyone!! Here’s what I found for September 4th!!
Today in 476, the last Western Roman Emperor, Romulus Augustulus was deposed and Odoacer declared himself King of Italy. This traditionally marks the end of the Western Roman Empire.
Also in deposed monarchs, today in 1870, Napoleon III, nephew of Napoleon I was overthrown and France formally declared itself the Third Republic. He had been elected President of the Second Republic in 1848, staged a coup in 1851 and was crowned Emperor of France in 1852.
And today in 1948, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, formally abdicated her throne to her daughter, Juliana. She cited her failing health after World War II, but would live for another 14 years. She was the first sitting Queen to address the US Congress, and the second woman in history to be inducted into the English Order of the Garter.
In birthdays today we have a couple:
Today in 1241 marks the birthdate of Alexander III of Scotland. And in 1454, Henry Stafford, Duke of Buckingham
was born. Buckingham would go on to be a major player in the War of the Roses, nearly succeeding in becoming King himself, and is a suspect in the murder of the Princes in the Tower. Lastly in birthdays, today in 1755 Count Axel von Fersen the Younger was born in Stockholm. He would go on to a great military career for Sweden and France, and may have been a lover of the doomed Marie Antoinette.
Two deaths to mention today; the first being Joan of England and Queen of Sicily. Joan was the seventh child of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, and sister to Richard I and John I. She would sadly die at age 33 at Fontevrault Abbey, during childbirth. Both of her parents and brother Richard would be buried there too.
And our last death of note today, belongs to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Robert was a lifelong friend and confidant (and lover, depending who you ask) of Elizabeth I. He had been in Elizabeths formal service, starting as her Master of the Horse, later becoming a Privy Councillor and General, starting at her accession. He died shortly after overseeing her visit to the troops at Tillbury. A week before he died, he sent Elizabeth a letter. When she died, the letter was found next to her bed in a box with “His last letter” written on it.
Have a great rest of the day everyone!!