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Good afternoon all!! Here are some things for September 10th!!
In 1419, John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, was assassinated in Montereau, by companions of the Dauphin of France, the future Charles VII. John had been a major player in the Hundred Years War, and the murder may have been revenge for John’s compliance with the English.
And in 1547, the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh commenced between Scotland and England. It would be one of the last full scale military operations between the two countries. The battle was the last in what is called the “Rough Wooing” in which Henry VIII tried to have his son, Edward VI, betrothed to the young Mary, Queen of Scots. When diplomacy failed, they began fighting. The fighting stopped shortly after this battle, because Mary was smuggled to France.
Also in 1898 today, Elisabeth of Bavaria, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary was assassinated by an Italian anarchist in Switzerland. The assassin, Luigi Lucheni, was just wanting to kill a royal, and was planning on killing a pretender to the French throne, but he left the city, and a newspaper leaked Elisabeth’s identity. She was 60 years old, and had been Empress of Austria for 44 years.
The only royal birthday we have is today in 920, as one of the Carolingian Kings of the Franks, Louis IV, is born. He would rule over Western Francia from 936 until his death in 954. Albeit supported on the throne by his nobles, his reign would be full of conflict and wouldn’t extend much beyond the city of Laon, in which he was crowned, as well as some areas in Northern France.
And one other death, in addition to those mentioned above. Today in 1167, Matilda of Enlgand, one time Holy Roman Empress, and Countess of Anjou and Duchess of Normandy died near Rouen. Matilda was the daughter of Henry I and his only legitimate child at his death. She attempted to claim the crown of England, but her cousin, Stephen of Blois claimed the throne and a long civil war ensued. Matilda had her revenge when Stephen’s son died, and her son Henry, was named his successor. He was crowned as Henry II of England.
Have an awesome day guys!!