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Today in 1830, the Kingdom of Belgium was officially formed as a separate nation from the Netherlands.
In 1967 today the Sultan of Brunei, Omar Ali Saifuddien III suddenly abdicated in favour of his eldest son, Hassanal Bolkiah. An explanation was never given, but Omar played an active role in his son’s government and helped usher in Brunei’s independance from Britain in 1984.
Our first birthday today is that of Alys, Countess of the Vexin in 1160. Alys was the daughter of Louis VII of France, and half sister to his children by Eleanor of Aquitaine. She was betrothed to Eleanor’s son by her second marriage, Richard the Lionheart. Richard ultimately refused to marry her, saying because she had become his father’s mistress while waiting to be married to him. She was sent back to France later, and eventually her granddaughter would be the wife of Edward I, and thus all English monarchs being her descendants.
Next we have Louis X of France and Navarre, born in 1289. He was the son of Phillip IV (the Fair) and is famous for freeing the French serfs and readmitting the Jews his father expelled, in 1315.
In 1379 today, we saw the birth of Henry III of Castile in Burgos, Spain. He would be called “Henry the Sufferor” or “Henry the Infirm” and would live up to those names, not seeing his 30th birthday.
Skipping ahead to 1550, Charles IX of Sweden was born in Stockholm. He would be King for less than 10 years, and be at war the entire time.
And in not-quite-royalty today, Richard Cromwell, one time Lord Protector of England and son of Oliver Cromwell, was born in 1626.
And our last birthday today belongs to Maria Sophie of Bavaria, the last Queen Consort of the Two Sicilies, in 1841. She became Queen in 1859, but by 1861, her and her husband were living in exile in Rome. She would move back to Bavaria and bounce between there and Paris until the outbreak of WWI.
No major deaths today!!
Have a great day!!

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