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Today in 1776, the Crown Prince of Russia Paul, son of Tsar Peter III and Empress Catherine II (Catherine the Great), married his second wife, Sophia Dorothea of Wurttemberg. Their children would go on to be two Russian Tsars, a Queen, and several Grand Dukes and Duchesses.
In 1840 today, King Willem I of the Netherlands formally abdicated his crown in favour of his son, Willem II. The Netherlands were undergoing major constitution changes and he was unable to cope.
And today in 2004, King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicated for the second time while in a self imposed exile. He became King for the first time from 1941-1955, then serving as Prime Minster 9 times, until he was restored to the throne in 1993. He is actually in the Guiness Book of World Records as the politician who has served the most offices.
Our first birthday today belongs to Frederick I of Denmark and Norway in 1471. Frederick was the last Roman Catholic monarch of Denmark.
In 1748 today, Charles XIII of Sweden and Norway was born in Stockholm. Charles oversaw the the union of Sweden and Norway in 1814 and was very active with the Swedish freemasons, and actually created a chivalric order that can only be awarded to Protestant Freemasons.
Today in 1841, King Nicholas I of Montenegro was born and was the only King of Montenegro. Nicholas was also referenced in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “The Great Gatsby” for giving the title character the medal of the highest honor of the Kingdom.
Also today in 1860, Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine was born in Darmstadt, Germany. “Frittie” as he was called, was a grandson of Queen Victoria through her daughter Alice, and he was a brother of Alix, the future Empress of Russia. He was also a hemphiliac and died before his 3rd birthday.
Lastly today in Not-So-Dead Royalty, Princess Senate Seeiso, daughter of King Letsie III of Lesotho, was born in Maseru. Unfortunately, Lesotho’s laws bar women from the succession to the throne, so even though she is the oldest child, her younger brother will most likely inherit the crown.
Our first death today, is that of Charles III of France in 929. Charles died in prison after being captured in 923 after battling with the Burgundians.
And lastly, is that of Lionel of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England in 1368 at age 29. Lionel’s descendants would claim the throne of England as the House of York. Just as an aside, the famed author Geoffrey Chaucer served as a page in Lionel’s household at one point.
Have an awesome rest of the day!!

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