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Today in 1793, the deposed Queen of France Marie Antoinette was tried by the Revolutionary Tribunal, nine months after her husbands execution. She had been given less than a day to prepare for her trial and was denied counsel. She was charged with a wide variety of crimes from stealing money from the treasury to send to Austria, throwing orgies at Versailles, incest with her son, and planning the massacre of Swiss Guards the previous year. She remained composed and kept her dignity through most of the trial, until they demanded she address the charge of abusing her son, to which she answered, “If I have not replied it is because Nature itself refuses to respond to such a charge laid against a mother.”Regardless, she was found guilty and sentenced to death the following day.
In 1815 today, Emperor Napoleon I of France began his second exile on the island of Saint Helena. He would not escape this time, and would die six years later on the island.
Our first birthday today belongs to Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Queen of Sardinia in 1711. By birth she was a niece of French King Louis XIV and would go on to marry Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia in 1737.
And next in 1825, we see the birthday of Queen Marie of Prussia. She was the Queen of Bavaria as the wife of Maximillian II. She would go on to see both her sons succeed as King of Bavaria.
Next in 1874, we have the birthday of Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was a grandson of Queen Victoria and became heir to the throne of Saxe-Coburg when his uncle, Edward, Prince of Wales, relinquished his claim to the German duchy. Alfred and his father then moved there, and the younger Alfred would die there before his 25th birthday.
Skipping ahead to 1893, Carol II of Romania was born. He was a great-grandson of Queen Victoria and was forced to abdicate in favour of his young son just 10 years into his reign after a scandalous affair came to light.
We have three not-so-dead royal birthdays today, the first belonging to Princess Friederike of Hanover in 1954. She is a descendant of the House of Hanover that once ruled England, and is a first cousin to Charles, Prince of Wales, as her mother and Charles’s father are siblings.
Our second not-so-dead royal birthday belongs to Sarah, Duchess of York in 1959, “Fergie” as she is affectionately called was the wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York and is the mother to Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie.
Lastly in 2005, we see Prince Christian of Denmark being born to the Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary. He is currently second in line to the crown after his father.
No major deaths today! Have a good one!!