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Today in 1086, the Battle of Sagrajas commenced between King of Castile Alfonso VI against the Almoravids (Muslims) of the Iberian peninsula. The battle was decided overwhelmingly in the Almoravids favor and is actually the Battle of az-Zallaqa in Arabic, which means ‘slippery feet’ in English, since the soldiers were slipping and falling over all the blood on the ground.
In 1295 today, the first treaty of the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England was signed. The treaty would continue to be invoked until the 19th century and is the oldest still active treaty between countries.
And in 1516, today we have the birth of Charlotte of Valois, daughter of King Francis I of France and his wife, Queen Claude. Charlottle would outlive her mother by 2 months and pass away shortly before her eighth birthday.
Next in 1636, Hedvig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. She went on the be the Queen consort of Sweden as wife to Charles X, and mother to Charles XI. She would be regent for her son during his minority, then also regent for her grandson, Charles XII as well.
And in 1715, Peter II of Russia was born to Tsarevitch Alexei, son of Peter I. The younger Peter would go on to be Tsar at age 11, but would die from small pox 3 years later.
And we have a not-so-dead royal birthday today, from the Japanese Imperial Family. Princess Mako, daughter of Prince and Princess Akishino was born in 1992 today.
Our first death today belongs to Alexander Battenburg, Prince of Bulgaria in 1893.
He had been forced to abdicate in 1886, and would die in peaceful exile in Austria.
And lastly in 1910 Chulalongkorn, King of Siam died after a 42 year reign. The first University of Thailand was founded in 1917 and named after him. It still stands today.
Have a great day!!