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While not a royal event, today in 1517 something did happen that changed the political landscape of Europe, and thus the world. Martin Luther would hang his 95 theses from the door of Castle Church in Wittenberg Germany.
We have several birthdays today, the first being that of Ferdinand I of Portugal in 1345. He would spend most of his reign at war with this illegitmate brother over the crown of Castile in Spain.
Another King of Portugal was born today in 1391, Edward I. He was a grandson of Edward III of England and brother the the famous Henry the Navigator of Portugal. And a third Portugese king born today in 1838, Luis of Portugal. While the political situation on Portugal at the time was difficult, Luis made great strides in cultural and scientific endeavors.
Next in 1851, Louise of Sweden was born to Charles XV of Sweden and Queen Louise. She went on to be Queen of Denmark as the wife of Frederick VIII.
Skipping ahead to 1922, Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia was born. He was the last monarch of Cambodia and oversaw the split from France. He abdicated twice and served and a puppet governor for the Khmer Rouge.
We also have two not-so-dead royal birthdays today. The first being that of Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran. He was the last Crown Prince and left Iran during the 1979 Revolution.
And in 2005 today, Infanta of Spain Leonor was born to the Spainish heir, Prince Felipe. She is currently second in line to the crown of Spain.
Our first death today comes in 1214 from Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile, just a mere 28 days after her husband Alfonso VIII of Castile. She was 52 and had married him when she was 14 years old, and would give him 14 children.
Next in 1732, Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia died after having a stroke the previous year. He abdicated in favor of his son, Charles Emmanuel III, in order to marry his mistress in 1730.
And in 1765 today, Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland died in London. He was the younger brother of King George II and had been acting as an advisor to his nephew, George III, since 1760.
Have a great day!!

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