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Events:
1688 – The Glorious Revolution officially begins as William of Orange arrives at Brixham in the Cornwall region of England to deposed his father in law, James II and VII.

1316 – John I of France was born four months after the death of his father, Louis X. Sadly he would never be crowned, or have a rule, as he died just 5 days later.

1498 – Eleanor of Austria was born to the Phillip I and Joanna I of Castile. Her siblings would number 2 Holy Roman Emperors and 3 Queen consorts. She would be Queen consort of Portugal when she married Manuel I who widowed her 3 years and 2 children later. 9 years after Manuel’s death, she married Francis I of France and while they had no children, she was popular with the people.

1784 – Jerome Bonaparte, youngest brother to Napoleon, was born in Corsica. Napoleon would later make him King of Westphalia, a region in Northern Germany. He would later be an advisor for his nephew, Louis Napoleon, when he was President of the Republic.

1895 – A daughter was born to Russian Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra, named Olga. The Grand Duchess would never be married and serve as a nurse during World War I, until her arrest during the Revolution. She would be murdered along with her parents, sisters, and brother in 1918.

Deaths:
1853 – Maria II of Portugal died giving birth to her eleventh child. The Queen regnant was only 34, having come to the crown at age 7. She was deposed for a period by her uncle Miguel, but he was forced into exile and she was placed back on the throne.

1908 РThe infamous Chinese Empress Dowager Cixi died of acute arsenic poisioning. She had basically ruled China since 1861 after starting as a concubine, and later becoming regent for her son, then her nephew.

Have a great day!!

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