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1660 – James, Duke of York, younger brother to Charles II of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France. And exact reason why was never given, but it is believed to be a political statement in support of James. James would eventually become King of England after Charles’ death and the Dukedom would pass down through the British Royal Houses. The current Duke of Normandy is Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II.

1720 – Charles Edward Stuart, or Bonnie Prince Charlie, is born in Rome as the son of the “Old Pretender”, James Stuart, and grandson of the deposed James II and VII. Charles would lead a rebellion against the current ruling house of Hanover in 1745. The rebellion would be crushed however and the Stuarts never reclaimed the crown of the United Kingdoms.

1741 – Princess Isabella of Parma is born in Madrid, Spain, as a daughter of Prince Phillip of Spain, and a granddaughter of Phillip V of Spain. At age 18 she would marry Austrian Archduke Joseph, the future Holy Roman Emperor. Sadly she would never become Empress as she died at age 21, shortly after the birth of her youngest child, a daughter. Isabella had also developed smallpox earlier in her pregnancy.

1885- Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein is born in Germany. She would marry into the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha when she married Prince Charles Edward of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, who was a grandson of Queen Victoria. The family was forced to abdicate their titles and lands after World War I and had to leave Germany altogether after World War II for Austria, where she finally died in 1970.

1510 – Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress as the wife of Maximilian I. She was 38 years old and had no children. The Emperor was her second marriage, as she had been married at age 2 to the Duke of Savoy. He however died when she was ten years old.

1705- Catherine of Braganza, Queen consort of Charles II of England died at age 67 after returning to her home of Portugal. Catherine and Charles never had any children, although Charles had several illegitimate children. She had left England after tensions between Catholics and Protestants began to run high, after the accession of her niece, Mary. The borough of Queens in New York was named so after her, and she is credited with popularizing tea drinking in England, as it had been popular with the nobles of Portugal.