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No major events.

Birthdays:
1334 – The future Henry II of Castile and Leon is born in Seville as the fourth of twelve illegitimate sons to Alfonso IX of Leon. He would become King in 1366, be king for a year, and be reinstated as King two years later, when his brother Peter was deposed. He was the first king of the House of Trastamara which would rule Castile and Leon until the unification of Spain after Ferdinand and Isabella.

1777 – A daughter is born on Corsica to the Bonaparte family named Elisa. Her older brother would go on to become Emperor Napoleon I of France. Elisa would be made Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Duchess of Lucca, and Princess of Piombino. She would be deposed as ruler of her lands with her brothers downfall and would die in exile in Austria.

1865 – Princess Marie of Orleans is born in England, where her family was living in exile under Napoleon III. She would marry into the Danish royal family as the wife of Prince Valdemar. She was known for her political activism and her far liberal leanings for the day.

1883 – Prince Arthur of Connaught and Strathearn is born at Windsor as the grandson of Queen Victoria. His father, also Prince Arthur, was the third son of Victoria and Albert. He would serve time in the British military during World War I and as the Governor-General of South Africa.

Deaths:
888 – Charles III, or Charles the Fat, died at age 48 in modern day Germany. He was the last ruler of the Carolingian dynasty as the grandson of Charlemagne. He was regarded as a largely incompetent ruler and was unable to govern his vast lands effectively.

1330 – Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Austria died at age 40. Known as Frederick the Fair, or the Handsome, he had been elected in early 1314, but a rival for the crown also had himself crowned the same year. However, before the year was out he would be restored as Emperor.

1766 – Frederick V of Denmark and Norway died in Copenhagen at age 42. He had ruled for 20 years, and was guided by highly effective ministers. He had also had strict laws against entertainment and freedom of expression, that were put in place by his father, repealed under his stead.

1797 – Prussian Queen consort Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick died at age 81 in Berlin. She was the longest serving Prussian consort Her husband, Frederick II, lived separately from her, and showed no interest in women at all, holding a largely military-minded court. They had no children, but Elisabeth was known widely for her charitable works.

1932 – Sophia of Prussia, Queen consort of the Hellenes died at age 61 while in exile in Germany. She was the wife of the deposed Constantine I of Greece. She was widely unpopular in Greece, because of her assumed German sympathies, and was believed to be behind her husband’s pro-German policies.

Have an awesome day!!

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