1649 – Just a few days after the execution of his father, Charles I, Charles II is proclaimed King of Great Britain by the Scottish Parliament. Ireland and England did not follow suit. The younger Charles would be restored to the British throne in 1660.
1833 – Otto, or Othon, becomes the first modern King of Greece. He was a Bavarian Prince, but was descended from previous Greek royal houses. He would be deposed in 1862 and die in exile, in his native Bavaria.
1452 – Princess Joan of Portugal is born in Lisbon to King Afonso V and Queen Isabella. She wished from an early age to enter a convent, but was not allowed until her brother, the future John II had children, so she was unlikely to be Queen. She entered a convent later, but never took the full vows. She was also beatified in 1693, and although is called a Saint in Portugal, she was never actually canonized.
1665 – A girl, to be christened Anne, is born in London to the future James II of England and Ireland, also known as James VII of Scotland. Anne would later become Queen regnant of the islands after the deaths of her sister, Mary II and Mary’s husband William III. Mary and Anne’s father had been deposed in the Glorious Revolution, which paved the way for the girl’s accession. She oversaw the union of Scotland and England into one nation called Great Britain, and was the first queen of latter. She was also the last of the Stuart monarchs.
1976 – In not so dead royals, the future Princess Marie of Denmark is born in France. She is currently married to Prince Joachim of Denmark and is his second wife. They have two children. She is currently a patron of 8 charities, and, next to her mother tongue, French, and Danish, is also fluent in Italian, English and Spanish.
1378 – Joanna of Bourbon, Queen consort to Charles V of France dies at age 40 in Paris. She passed during the death of her daughter, Catherine, who sadly, would not survive childhood. Joanna and Charles only had two children, out of nine would would survive into adulthood. The oldest becoming Charles VI of France.
1685 – Charles II of England dies after falling ill just a couple days before. It was reported that he would convert from the Protestant religion to Catholicism on his deathbed. Charles had no legitimate children, but had at least 12 illegitimate children, almost all who were given Dukedoms and Earldoms. He was thus succeeded by his brother, James, who would later be deposed by his son in law, William and his daughter Mary, during the Glorious Revolution.
1899 – Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dies at age 24. He was the son of Prince Alfred, son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. He moved to Germany in 1893 with his father, when he acceded to the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, where Prince Albert was from. He had shot himself in the head, but there are conflicting reports as to why. There were reports of him being consumptive with tuberculosis, and also having the symptoms of untreated syphilis.
1929 – Maria Christina of Austria, Queen consort and Regent of Spain, dies at age 70 in Madrid. She was pregnant with her son, Alfonso XIII of Spain, when her husband, King Alfonso XII died. She then acted as regent for her son, until his majority.
1952 – King George VI of the United Kingdom is found dead in his bed at age 56. It was found later that he had a coronary thrombosis. He died a popular King and was respected for his leadership during World War II and the loss of various Imperial territories. His daughter and successor, the current Queen Elizabeth II, was on a state visit in Kenya, when she was sent for and informed of her father’s death.
1981 – Frederica of Hanover, Queen of the Hellenes, dies in exile in Spain at age 63. She was having surgery on her eyes at the time. Her son, Constantine II was the last King of Greece. Frederica was allowed to be buried in Greece, and the Royal family was allowed to attend, but they were not allowed to stay in the country for longer than necessary.
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