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Events:
1472 – The marriage contract between Margaret of Denmark and James III of Scotland, with the islands of Orkney and Shetland being pawned to Scotland, instead of a dowry.

1547 – A nine year old Edward VI is crowned at Westminster Abbey in London. He was the only surviving son of Henry VIII and his third wife, Jane Seymour.

Birthdays:
1867 – Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife is born in London to the future Edward VII and Alexandra. She was the younger sister of George V and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria.

Deaths:
1618 – Phillip William, Prince of Orange, eldest son of Dutch leader William the Silent dies at age 63 in Brussels. He was a staunch Catholic despite heavy Protestant leanings in the country. Both he and his father had been active leaders in the Dutch Revolt against Spanish rule. He would be succeeded by his brother, Maurice of Nassau.

1773 – King Charles Emmanuel II of Sardinia dies in Turin at age 71. He had led Italy through the Wars of Polish and Austrian Succession but did not participate during the Seven Years War, instead working on infrastructure within his own kingdom.

1790 – Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II dies in Vienna at age 48. He is considered one of the Enlightened Monarchs, but was forced to undo most of his reforms, which included abolishing the death penalty. He had actually only ruled on his own in 1780, after the death of his mother, the formidable Empress Maria Theresa. He was also the older brother of the doomed Marie Antoinette.

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