, , , , , , , ,

1882 – A man named Roderick McLean attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria with a pistol. He was unsuccessful and apprehended. Later he was tried for treason and found not guilty but insane.

1316 – Probable birthdate of Robert II of Scotland. He was the grandson of Robert the Bruce through his daughter, Marjorie Bruce. He is the first Scottish monarch of the House of Stewart, which would rule Scotland until the union of the crowns in 1603, and after until the death of Queen Anne. He would become king in 1371, after his uncle, David II. He would spend time before and during his reign fighting with the Balliol family, which ruled Scotland before the Bruces, and also Edward III of England.

1843 – Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy is born in Italy to Victor Emmanuel of Savoy, later king of a united Italy. She would marry into the Bonaparte nephew at 15, when she became the wife of Napoleon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte, nephew of Emperor Napoleon I. He was 37. The marriage was unpopular in both countries, and both parties were unhappy.

1316 – Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland died today shortly after giving birth to the future Robert II of Scotland. She was only 19 or 20 at her death. She had been a Princess of Scotland since age 9 and had spent some time as a captive under control of Edward I of England, then Edward II.

1835 – The last Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II died today in Vienna at age 67. He had been Emperor since age 24, and his reign saw the French Revolution, of which his paternal aunt, Marie Antoinette was a victim, and he would also see the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1806 he oversaw the official dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, and was declared Emperor of Austria as Francis I two years prior to that.

1855 – Russian Emperor Nicholas I died in St. Petersburg at age 55 of pneumonia. He was the son of Paul I, brother to Alexander I, and grandson to Catherine the Great. He is known as a reactionary, and because of a revolt on his coronation day, was known for his harsh methods and his full belief in his authority and the autocracy of the monarchy. During his reign, the arts including ballet began to flourish in Russian culture.

1921 – Another Nicholas I, this one of Montenegro, died while living in exile in France. Three years prior the small country had been absorbed into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which became Yugoslavia in 1929. He had been king since 1910, after the death of his uncle, Danilo I. He was actually the only King of Montenegro, as the monarchs were just known as prince and his was its last monarch overall.

Have a great day!!