1689 – The Williamite-Jacobite War in Ireland begins after the Glorious Revolution. The majority of Catholic Ireland supported the deposed James II and VII over the Protestant William III and Mary II. The Jacobites would be unsuccessful.
1868 – Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh is wounded in an assassination attempt while visiting Australia. The assailant, Henry O’Farrell had just been released and would be tried later in March, and executed in April.
1270 – Charles, Count of Valois is born to Phillip III of France and Queen Isabella of Aragon. He was the founder of the royal House of Valois. He would never attain a crown for himself, but he was the son, brother, brother-in-law, and son-in-law of monarchs of France, Navarre, England, and Naples. Eventually, his son would accede as the first Valois King, Phillip VI.
1637 – Anne Hyde, Duchess of York and Albany is born in England to the family of a lawyer. She would later marry the younger brother of Charles II, James, who became King James II and VII. Anne and James would have two children that would live into adulthood, Mary and Anne, who both would become Queens of England, although the elder Anne would not live to become Queen consort or see her daughters succeed to the throne.
1781 – Frederica of Baden is born in Sweden to German nobles. She would be married to Gustav IV Adolph of Sweden in 1797 and she was the sister of Russian Empress consort Elisabeth Alexeievna. She and Gustav would rule until 1809, until he was deposed in a coup. The couple would divorce in 1812, and Frederica would spend her remaining days in Germany, but would die at age 45 in Switzerland.
1507 – Not officially royal, but an infamous death today, when Cesare Borgia died while fighting in Navarre. He had been exiled to his father’s native Spain in 1504, after his father’s death. His father was the infamous, Pope Alexander VI, or Rodrigo Borgia as he was known previously. Cesare and his siblings were the first children of a Pope to be recognized publicly. He was known for his cruelty and military prowess, and even spent time as a Bishop and a Cardinal of the Church at age 18. He was also said to be Machiavelli’s inspiration for “The Prince”.