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No major events.

Birthdays:

972 – A son is born to Hugh Capet, King of France, named Robert. He was crowned as King during his father’s lifetime, when he was 15 years old. He would become king on his own in 996 after the death of his father. Robert’s death would come in 1031, while he was fighting with his sons, who were in open revolt.

1306 – The future Phillip III of Navarre is born in France and would become the Count of Evreux. He would be named King of Navarre by right of his wife, who was Queen regnant of Navarre, as Joan II. He was known as a military leader in defense of France during the outbreak of the Hundred Years War.

1785 – Louis-Charles is born to King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette at the Palace of Versailles. He would become the Dauphin of France in 1789 when his older brother, the heir died. He was imprisoned with his family in 1792, although separate from his parents. He would survive his parents, and after the death of his father in 1792, was considered to be King Louis XVII by Royalists, to the point that when his uncle became King after the Bourbon restoration, he took the throne as Louis XVIII. Sadly little Louis would not survive the revolution and died in captivity at age 10.

Deaths:

1350 – Alfonso XI of Castile dies in Gibraltar at age 38. He had been King since the death of his father, Ferdinand IV, in 1312, when Alfonso was only an infant. He took the reigns of government in 1325, and immediately began pitting nobles against each other to strengthen his own power. Alfonso became known as the Implacable or the Avenger because of his treatment of the nobility.

1625 – King James I and VI of England, Ireland, and Scotland died in England at age 58. He had been King of England since 1603, and King of Scotland since 1567, when he was just a year old. He became king when his mother, Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate. He inherited England after his distant cousin, Elizabeth I, died childless. In 1604, he began using the title “King of Great Britain”. Despite issues in England at the beginning of his reign, he was a very popular king at his death. However he was, and still is, criticized for his reliance on court favourites to govern while he hunted.

1879 – The 11 year old Prince Waldemar of Prussia died from diphtheria in Potsdam, Germany. He was the youngest son of the future Emperor Frederick III of Germany and Empress Victoria. Empress Victoria was the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, and thus the young Prince was a grandson of Victoria and Albert. He was a favorite of his parents and his mother was said to be inconsolable at his death.

On that note, make the most of your day!!

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