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Events:
1831 – Brazilian Emperor Pedro I abdicates in favour of his son, Pedro II. He had also been King of Portugal since 1826, and after the abdication he would sail to Portugal to reaffirm his power there from his brother, Miguel.

Birthdays:
1853 – Prince Leopold is born in London as the youngest son and second youngest child of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert. It was discovered that the Prince was a haemophiliac, which he inherited from his mother. Because of this affliction, he did not serve in the military as his brothers would, but instead become a patron of the arts and education. He was created Duke of Albany in 1881, and 1882 he married a minor German princess, Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont. They would have a daughter, Alice, and a son, Charles. Charles would be born just months after his father’s death in 1884. A 30 year old Leopold died in France after falling and hitting his head. He was just 30 years old.

Deaths:
1498 – Charles VIII of France dies several hours after hitting his head on the upper part of a door frame and falling into a coma. He had been King since age 13, with his sister, Anne as his regent. He married the fierce Anne of Brittany, but they would have no children together. He was called “the Affable” but is mostly known for the large debt he left France in, because of the expensive Italian Wars.

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