1536 – Today in 1536, Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, and second wife of Henry VIII was arrested and taken to the Tower of London. She was accused of adultery, which was treason, and incest with her brother George Boleyn, Viscount Rochford. She was taken to the same apartments within the Tower that she stayed in for her coronation.
1568 – Mary, Queen of Scots escaped from imprisonment at Loch Leven Castle. She had been there since her abdication the previous year. Less than two weeks later, she would raise an army to regain her crown, but would be defeated. Mary then fled south, into England, looking for support from her cousin, Elizabeth I of England.
1816 – Princess Charlotte, daughter of the future George IV and Caroline of Brunswick, married Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. The marriage was a love match, and the young couple were quite devoted to each other. Sadly the marriage only lasted just over a year, when Charlotte died after delivering a stillborn boy. Leopold went on to be King of Belgium, and advisor to Charlotte’s niece, Victoria.
1729 – Sophie Friederike Auguste is born to the royal house of Anhalt in Germany. We know her better today as Catherine II, Empress of Russia, or Catherine the Great. She married the future Peter III of Russia in 1745, and 1762, they ascended to the throne. However Peter only lasted 6 months, before he was overthrown and killed in favour of just Catherine alone. She would rule until her death in 1796. Her time as ruler is considered to be one of the Golden Ages of Russian history and she continued Peter the Great’s efforts to modernize Russia, leaving it a world player at her death. Despite being German born, she went to great lengths to be accepted by the Russian people, and by several accounts, she was.
1896 – Helen of Greece and Denmark is born in Athens. She was the daughter of the future King Constantine I of Greece and Queen Sophie. Her three brothers, George, Alexander, and Paul would all become kings of Greece. In 1920 she married Romanian Crown Prince Carol, and together they had once child, the future Michael I of Romania. In 1925, her husband renounced his claim to the throne and ran off with his mistress. They divorced officially in 1928, but Helen remained in Romania with her son until she went into self imposed exile. Helen bounced back and forth between Romania and Italy until her son’s abdication in 1947.
No major deaths.