1671 – Thomas Blood, and Irishman, leads a small group that attempted to steal the English Crown Jewels. They took the jewels but the alarm was sounded and they were caught. The jewels were damaged, but Blood was ultimately pardoned and released.
1946 – Italian King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates in favour of his son, Umberto II. There was a vote coming up among the people whether or not to retain the monarchy. After the disasters of World War II, Victor was hoping to build support for the crown with his abdication. He died the following year in Egypt and Umberto would only be King for a month.
1892 – Zita of Bourbon-Parma is born in Tuscany. She was the daughter of Robert I, Duke of Parma and Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal. In 1911, she married Austrian Archduke Charles, who after the deaths of Franz Ferdinand and Franz Joseph I, became the last Austrian Emperor in 1916. Between 1912 and 1922, Zita and Charles had seven children, both before and after their deposition in 1918. Charles died in 1922, leaving her a widow at age 29. Zita lived her days out in exile, even living in the US and Canada during World War 2. She died in 1989 at age 96.
1949 – Louis II, Prince of Monaco died in Monte Carlo at age 78. He had become Sovereign in 1922, following the death of his father Albert I. Under his rule, Monaco formed its first Football Club and the first Grand Prix of Monaco took place as well. He attempted to remain neutral during World War II, but Monaco was occupied by the Nazis. He would do his best to help Jews who were about to be arrested escape capture. His grandson and successor, Rainier thought Louis to hesitant to fight the Nazis, which caused a rift between them.
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