1532 – Sir Thomas More resigned as Henry VIII’s Lord Chancellor. More and Henry had been close, but as More was a fervent Catholic opposed to Henry’s annulment from Catherine of Aragon and to the Reformation as a whole, it cause a rift between the two men. In 1534, More refused to take the Oath of Supremacy, and was imprisoned, and later beheaded over it.
1568 – Mary, Queen of Scots escaped to England following her defeat at the Battle of Langside. She had been forced to abdicate the year before and imprisoned. She escaped imprisonment, raised an army to get her crown back, but lost the battle. She would be taken into English custody two days later.
1770 – Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France, was formally married to Austrian Archduchess Marie Antoinette. They had been married by proxy on April 19th. The ceremony took place at the Palace of Versailles, the groom age 15, the bride, 14. The ritual bedding followed, and the consummation was supposed to, but did not for another 7 years.
1920 – Joan of Arc was officially canonized as a Saint of the Catholic church. She was burnt at the stake as a heretic in 1431 by the English, whom she was helping to defeat in the Hundred Years War. She is the patron Saint of France, as well as martyrs, captives, people ridiculed for piety, prisoners, soldiers, and a couple Women’s military organizations.
1991 – Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress. She is the only British monarch in history to do so.
No major birthdays.
No major deaths.