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1217 – The Second Battle of Lincoln takes place in England. The battle was between forces of the future Louis VIII of France, and William Marshal, who was regent for the young Henry III. The French would be defeated, and Louis would renounce any claim to the English throne.

1293 – Sancho IV of Castile signed the charter creating the Study of General Schools of Alcala in Madrid. The University still operates today under the name Complutense University of Madrid. It is one of the oldest universities in the world.

1449 – The Battle of Alfarrobeira takes place in Portgual between Afonso V and the Duke of Coimbra. The Duke would be killed, and the House of Braganza would remain the ruling power.

1536 – Henry VIII was formally betrothed to his third wife, Jane Seymour today. His second wife, Anne Boleyn, had been executed for adultery, treason, and incest the previous day. Ten days later they would marry. The following year she gave birth to Henry’s only legitimate son, the future Edward VI. Jane died from complications about 12 days after giving birth.

1315 – Bonne of Luxembourg was born to the King and Queen of Bohemia, John and Elisabeth. Called Jutta in Bohemia, (Bonne in France) she married John, Duke of Normandy and Count of Maine and Anjou, who later became John II. However John did not become King until after Bonne’s death, so she was never Queen. They would have seven children survive into adulthood, who included, Charles V of France, Louis I of Naples, and Joan, Queen consort of Navarre. She sadly died at age 34 of the plague.

1967 – In not so dead royalty, Greek Crown Prince Pavlos is born in Athens to King Constantine II and Queen Anne Marie. The Prince would grow up in London after the overthrow of his father and the abolition of the monarchy. He is currently residing in New York with his wife and children.

1648 – Wladyslaw IV Vasa died in Lithuania at age 52. In 1610, he had been elected to be Russian Tsar by the Seven Boyars, but was unable to claim the throne until his reign ended in 1613. In 1632, he would be elected to be King of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. His reign was one of contrasts; he could be tightfisted, but then also spent more than he could afford at times. He is said to have a very personable disposition, but was also quick tempered and acted rashly.

Have a good one!