1533 – Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury declared the marriage of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon null and void. Henry had been seeking an annulment for the marriage for several years on grounds that Catherine was his brother’s widow. Henry had already married Anne Boleyn in a secret ceremony after a visit to France. Five days later, Cranmer declared the marriage to Boleyn to be valid.
1052 – Phillip I of France is born as the eldest son of Henry I and Anna of Kiev. He was crowned as co-ruler with his father at age 7 and became King on his own the following year. He ruled until 1108, when he was 56 years old. His mother served as regent until he was 16 years old, and was the first woman to do so. He was later excommunicated for repudiating his wife and marrying another. He was also a contemporary of William the Conqueror, who he engaged in territorial disputes over Brittany with.
1125 – Holy Roman Emperor Henry V died at age 38 in Germany. He was the son of Henry IV, and had been King of Italy since 1098, King of the Germans since 1099, and Emperor since 1111. He is most famous for two things; the first is signing the Concordat of Worms, which was an agreement between Emperors and the Papacy for rights to various things inside Imperial land holdings. Secondly, he is famous for being the first husband of Matilda of England, daughter to Henry I, mother to Henry II and claimant to the English crown.
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