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Events:
1215 – The Magna Carta is sealed and made official by King John of England. It is the basis of common law in England.

1905 – Swedish Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden married British Princess Margaret of Connaught. Margaret was the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and son of Queen Victoria and Louis Margaret of Prussia. The groom was the son of Gustaf V of Sweden and Victoria of Baden. The marriage was said to be a love match. Margaret would not become Queen of Sweden though, as she died at age 38, before her husband became King. The Swedish Connaught tiara was one of Margaret’s wedding presents and remains as part of the Swedish Royal jewels today.

1330 – Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales is born at Woodstock Palace. He was the eldest son of Edward III and Queen Philippa. He had been created Duke of Cornwall as a boy, in the first creation of a Duke in England. Later, his father also invested him with Aquitaine. He was also the first Knight in the Order of the Garter, and a renowned military commander. Known as “The Black Prince” after his death, his son became Richard II after the death of the elder Edward in 1377.

1519 – Elizabeth Blount, mistress to Henry VIII and former lady-in-waiting to his wife, Catherine of Aragon, gives birth to a son, fathered by the king. The boy is called Henry, after his father, with the addition of “Fitzroy” meaning “son of the King”. In 1525, he was raised to the peerage by his father, and was the first illegitimate child of the king to be raised to nobility since the 13th century. Now Duke of Richmond and Somerset, and heir to Henry VII’s ancestral lands. In 1533, he married into the powerful Howard family, who were the Dukes of Norfolk. However any promising career was cut short in 1536, when, at age 17, he died of consumption.

Deaths:
1888 – German Emperor Frederick III died of throat cancer in Potsdam. He had only been Emperor for 3 months, since the death of his father in March of the same year. 1888 was referred to as the “Year of Three Emperors”. Frederick and his wife, Victoria, (daughter of Queen Victoria) were liberal in their policies and had they ruled longer, they would have instilled more Progressive policies in German. However, Frederick was succeeded by his conservative and hot-headed son, Wilhelm II.

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