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1529 – The legatine court convenes at Blackfriars in London, to let the Papal representative, Cardinal Campeggio, hear the case for the annulment of the marriage of Henry VIII of England and his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Catherine was said to make a passionate speech before Henry and then left the court.

1791 – King Louis XVI of France, along with his wife, children, and other family members began to flee France following the outbreak the French Revolution. Their attempt would be in vain.

1528 – Maria of Austria is born in Spain to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and his wife, Isabella of Portugal. A fervent Catholic, she was married to her first cousin, Austrian Archduke Maximilian who became Holy Roman Emperor in 1564. After her husband’s death, she moved back to Spain, where she was an influential part of her brother, Phillip II’s court. Two of her sons became Emperors as Rudolf II and Matthias. She had also served as regent in Spain for her father and her brother.

1646 – Maria Francisca of Savoy is born in Paris to the Duke and Duchess of Nemours. She is unique for being Portuguese Queen Consort twice. First she married King Afonso VI, but the marriage was annulled in 1668, due to non-consummation. Later that year she married his brother, Peter, who also became King in 1683. Later that year, Maria died as well.

1788 – Princess Augusta of Bavaria is born in Strasbourg to Maximilian I Joseph and Augusta-Wilhelmine. In 1806, she was married to Eugene de Beauharnais, son of Josephine, and stepson to Napoleon I. The marriage was a happy one, and Eugene was made a Duke of her father’s realm. Among their children, they can count a Queen consort of Sweden, Empress of Brazil, and the husband of Maria II of Portugal.

1982 – In not-so-dead royalty, His Royal Highness, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, was born today to Charles and Diana, Prince and Princess of Wales in 1982. He is second in the line of succession to his grandmother’s crown, behind his father. Wills and his wife, Catherine, are expecting their first child any day now.

1377 – Edward III of England died at age 64. He is one of only 5 monarchs to rule England for more that 50 years, taking the throne in 1327 at age 14. He became king when his father was overthrown by his mother, Isabella of France, and her lover, Roger Mortimer. His father, Edward II, was forced to abdicate in the younger Edward’s favour. He was very popular during his reign, as was his wife, Phillippa of Hainault. They had nine children who survived into adulthood, who include such famous names as Edward, The Black Prince, and John of Gaunt. Edward also laid a claim to the throne of France, through his mother, and started what we know as the Hundred Years War. He also start the Chivalric Order known as the Order of the Garter, which is still in existence today.

Have a great day!