1862 – Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, was married to Prince Louis, future Grand Duke of Hesse. The wedding took place just a few months after the death of Prince Albert and was said to be a sad affair, due to the Queen’s continuing grief. They would have seven children, the most famous being the ill-fated Empress Alexandra of Russia.
1481 – Christian II of Denmark is born as the son and heir to King John of Denmark and Christina of Saxony. He became King of Denmark and Norway in 1513. In 1515, he married Isabella of Austria, sister of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. One of their daughters is Christina, Duchess of Milan, and a brief candidate for marriage with Henry VIII of England. In 1520, Christian invaded Sweden to unite the countries. He was crowned, but it was a very short reign, and after the Stockholm Bloodbath, he was overthrown. Two years later he was overthrown in Denmark, and died in prison in 1559.
1506 – King Louis II of Hungary is born in Budapest to Ladislaus II Jagiellon and his third wife. He became king in 1516, while still a child. In 1515, he was married to Mary of Austria, daughter of Juana and Phillip of Castile. He only ruled for ten years and died in 1526 at age 20, during the Battle of Mohacs, against the forces of the Ottoman Empire.
1534 – Frederick II of Denmark and Norway is born as the son of Christian III. He became king in 1559, and ruled until 1588. He kept the Danes out of military actions during his time, but managed to continue to build on its status. He would be succeeded by his son, Christian III. His daughter Anne, would also be Queen consort of England and Scotland, as the wife of James I and VI.
1961 – Diana, Princess of Wales, was born today in 1961 to John Spencer, the 8th Earl Spencer, and the Honorable Frances Shand Kydd. She was thrust into the limelight in 1981, when while working as a preschool teacher, she was engaged to Charles, Prince of Wales. They had two children, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry. The relationship soured from there culminating in their divorce in 1996. She remained in the public eye, working for the various charities she was involved with. Tragically in 1997, she died in a car crash in Paris.
1109 – Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile died in Toledo at age 69. He had been King of Leon since 1065, King of Castile since 1072, King of Galicia and Portugal since 1071, and in 1077, he was declared Emperor of all Spain until his death. He was called “the Brave” or “the Valiant” due to his prowess in battle against the Spanish Muslims. At his death, he would be succeeded by his eldest legitimate child, a daughter named Urraca.
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