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1553 – Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon was declared Queen of England in London. Her half-brother, Edward VI had died on July 6th, and on July 9th, Lady Jane Grey, a cousin of theirs, was declared Queen by Edward’s council. Edward was a fierce Protestant, and he and his council were afraid the Catholic Mary would undo their religious reforms. However, popular support was on Mary’s side. She would ride into London triumphantly in early August, with her sister Elizabeth in tow. Jane had been staying in the Tower of London after her accession and would never leave it.

1822 – Princess Augusta of Cambridge is born in Hanover to Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge and Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel. Her father was one of the younger children of King George III of the United Kingdom. She was the first cousin to Queen Victoria and aunt to Mary of Teck, later Queen Mary. She married Frederick William and later they became Duke and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She lived most of her life in Germany, but as an elderly woman, she live in Britain, and had a good relationship with other royals. She did return to Germany where she died at age 94.

1415 – Phillippa of Lancaster died in Portugal at age 55. She was the daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and a sister to King Henry IV of England. She had married John I of Portugal in 1387. She would give birth to the future Edward of Portugal and the famous Henry the Navigator. She was said to be a model queen and was influential at both the English and Portuguese courts.

1543 – Mary Boleyn, the older sister of Anne would pass away. She had been exiled from court for marrying beneath her station and without royal permission for almost a decade, for marrying her second husband. The sisters had never been close, but Mary did write to Thomas Cromwell and ask him to intervene on her behalf with her father and brother. When he wrote back, after they refused, Mary wrote him back a scathing letter, and said in defense of her solider husband, “I would rather beg my bread with him, than be the greatest Queen in all Christendom.” Anne finally relented, sending her money and things to sell for money. There is no evidence that Mary had contact with her family again. Her children from her first marriage would rise to prominence and peerage under their maternal first cousin, Elizabeth I.

1810 – Louise of Mecklenburg Strelitz, Queen of Prussia, died suddenly of an illness. She was just 34 years old. She had married the future Frederick William III of Prussia. She was a widely loved Queen and was said to be everything a Queen and woman should be; beautiful, modest, pious, and a fierce supporter of her husband. In 1806, she met with Napoleon to negotiate with him on behalf of Prussia after its defeat in the Napoleonic Wars. Upon hearing of her death, the French Emperor said that the Prussian king “had lost his best minister.” Two of her sons would later be kings as Frederick William IV, and Wilhelm I, who was also the first Emperor of Germany. Her daughter Charlotte, also married into the Russian Imperial family, becoming Empress Alexandra, wife of Nicholas I.

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