Today in 1415, the armies of Henry V of England and the French King, Charles VI, met near Azincourt in France. Known as the Battle of Agincourt, it would be a rout in favour of the English, thanks the Henry’s use of the English and Welsh longbowmen. A brief turning point in the Hundred Year’s War that saw Henry V marry the daughter of the French King, and his son, named heir to the French throne.
And in 1586, Mary, Queen of Scots was convincted of treason against Elizabeth I for her involvement in the Babington Plot. The plot was to assassinated Elizabeth and place Mary as Queen of England, to return the island to the Catholic fold. Elizabeth would waver in signing the death warrant, and it wouldn’t be until the following year until she was executed.
Our first birthday comes in 1510, as Renee of France was born to King Louis XII and Queen Anne. Renne had an older sister who would be Queen of France as the wife of Francis I, as women in France were barred from direct succession. Later on, Renee actually became a leader of the French Protestant movement, and was in correspondance with John Calvin.
Next in 1759, Sophie Dorothea of Wurttemburg was born. Sophie is better known by the name she took on conversion to the Russia Orthodox church when she became Empress Consort of Russia, Maria Feodorovna. She married Paul I of Russia, and bore him 10 children, including 2 future Russian Emperors.
And two not-so-dead royal birthdays today, the first is of King Michael of Romania, in 1921. Michael was forced to abdicate after WWII and was illegal stripped of his Romanian citizenship. He is currently living in Switzerland.
Next in 2001, Princess Elisabeth of Belguim was born to Prince Phillippe, Belgian heir, and is a granddaughter to the current King Albert II.
The first death of note we have today comes in 1047, as King Magnus the Good of Norway and Denmark died suddenly. There are conflicting reports of an illness and an accident causing his death.
Next in 1154, King Stephen of England died of a stomach illness. Stephen had spent a good part of his reign at war with his cousin, Empress Matilda, who was the daughter of Henry I, Stephen’s uncle. Stephen was succeeded by Matilda’s son, Henry II.
And in 1495, John II of Portugal died early at age 40. He had overseen and greatly expanded Portugese exploration of the New World, but left no legitmate children.
In 1760, George II of Great Britian died at age 76 of an aortic aneurysm. He was the last British monarch to be born outside of Britain and the last to personally lead his troops in battle. He was followed by his granson, George III.
And lastly in 1920 today from the WTF Files, Alexander of Greece died of an infected monkey bite. His sudden death caused a succession crisis in Greece, as he had earlier married a commoner, which was not legally allowed, and thus his offspring were illegitimate.
Have an awesome day guys!!